What is it Like to Live with Social Anxiety?

托马斯A. Richards,Ph.D.,Google+

Psychologist/Director, Social Anxiety Institute

All day, every day, life is like this. Fear. Apprehension. Avoidance. Pain. Anxiety about what you said. Fear that you said something wrong. Worry about others' disapproval. Afraid of rejection, of not fitting in. Anxious to enter a conversation, afraid you'll have nothing to talk about. Hiding what's wrong with you deep inside, putting up a defensive wall to protect your "secret". You are undergoing the daily, chronic trouble of living with this mental disorder we call social anxiety disorder.

Very few people understand the agonizing and traumatic depth of social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety makes people go inside themselves and try to "protect" this secret. Most people with social anxiety disorder try to hide it from others, especially from family and loved ones. There is fear that family members may find out they suffer from social anxiety, and then view them differently or outright reject them. This is almost never true, but the fear of this happening makes many people with social anxiety stay in their dark closet.

*If you are seeking treatment for social anxiety,start here*

Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) is the third largest psychological problem in the United States today. Millions of people quietly endure this pain every day, believing there is no hope for them getting better.

What is social anxiety like?

A man finds it difficult to walk down the street because he’s self-conscious and feels that people are watching him from their windows. Worse, he may run into a person on the sidewalk and be forced to say hello to them. He’s not sure he can do that. His voice will catch, his "hello" will sound weak, and the other person will know he’s frightened. More than anything else, he doesn’t want anyone to know that he’s afraid. He keeps his eyes safely away from anyone else’s gaze and prays he can make it home without having to talk to anyone.

一个女人讨厌在杂货店队站立,因为她害怕每个人都在看她。她知道这不是真的,但她不能动摇这种感觉。当她在购物时,她意识到人们可能从天花板前面的大镜子上盯着她。现在,她必须与检查杂货的人交谈。她试图微笑,但她的声音弱了。她确实愚弄自己。她的自我意识和她的焦虑升到了屋顶。

Another person sits in front of the telephone and agonizes because she’s afraid to pick up the receiver and make a call. She’s even afraid to call an unknown person in a business office about the electric bill because she’s afraid she’ll be "putting someone out" and they will be upset with her. It’s very hard for her to take rejection, even over the phone, even from someone she doesn’t know. She’s especially afraid to call people she knows because she feels that she’ll be calling at the wrong time -- the other person will be busy — and they won’t want to talk with her. She feels rejected even before she makes the call. Once the call is made and over, she sits, analyzes, and ruminates about what was said, what tone it was said in, and how she was perceived by the other person....her anxiety and racing thoughts concerning the call prove to her that she "goofed" this conversation up, too, just like she always does. Sometimes she gets embarrassed just thinking about the call.

“每次我不得不遇到权威的人......”我会冻结......“

A man hates to go to work because a meeting is scheduled the next day. He knows that these meetings always involve co-workers talking with each other about their current projects. Just the thought of speaking in front of co-workers raises his anxiety. Sometimes he can’t sleep the night before because of the anticipatory anxiety that builds up.

最后,会议结束了。当他开始放松时,一大堆浮雕溢出。但会议的记忆仍然是他脑海中的最重要的。他确信他愚弄自己,房间里的每个人都看到了他在他发挥作用的时候,他有多害怕他的行为。在下周的会议上,老板将在那里。尽管这次会议离开了七天,但他的胃转过了焦虑,并且恐惧再次淹没了他。他知道,在老板面前,他会犹豫不决,犹豫,他的脸将变红,他不会记得要说的话,每个人都能见证他的尴尬和羞辱。

He has seven miserable days of anxiety ahead of him, to think about it, ruminate over it, worry about it, overexaggerate it in his mind...over and over again.

一个学生不参加她的大学类the first day because she knows that in some classes the professor will instruct them to go around the room and introduce themselves. Just thinking about sitting there, waiting to introduce herself to a room full of strangers who will be staring at her makes her feel nauseous. She knows she won’t be able to think clearly because her anxiety will be so high, and she is sure she will leave out important details. Her voice might even quaver and she would sound scared and tentative. The anxiety is just too much to bear -- so she skips the first day of class to avoid the possibility of having to introduce herself in public.

"I’m the only one in the world who has these horriblesymptoms...."

Another young man wants to go to parties and other social events -- indeed, he is very, very lonely -- but he never goes anywhere because he’s very nervous about meeting new people. Too many people will be there and crowds only make things worse for him. The thought of meeting new people scares him -- will he know what to say? Will they stare at him and make him feel even more insignificant? Will they reject him outright? Even if they seem nice, they’re sure to notice his frozen look and his inability to fully smile. They’ll sense his discomfort and tenseness and they won’t like him – there’s just no way to win –

“我总是要成为一个抛弃,”他说。他在家里独自花在家里,再次看电视。他在家里感觉很舒服。事实上,家是他唯一感觉舒适的地方。他在十二年中没有任何地方。他没有网络支持帮助他克服这些可怕的症状。

"It’s just easier to avoid social situations."

In public places, such as work, meetings, or shopping, people with social anxiety feel that everyone is watching and staring at them (even though rationally they know this isn’t true). The socially anxious person can’t relax, "take it easy", and enjoy themselves in public. In fact, they can never relax when other people are around. It always feels like others are evaluating them, being critical of them, or "judging" them in some way. The person with social anxiety knows that people don’t do this openly, of course, but they still feel the self-consciousness and the judgment while they are in the other person’s presence. It’s sometimes impossible to let go, relax, and focus on anything else except the anxiety. Because the anxiety is so very painful, it’s much easier just to stay away from social situations and avoid other people.

“不仅仅是什么,他不希望任何人知道他害怕......”

Many times people with social anxiety simply must be alone -- closeted -- with the door closed behind them. Even when they’re around familiar people, a person with social phobia may feel overwhelmed and have the feeling that others are noticing their every movement and critiquing their every thought. They feel like they are being observed critically and that other people are making negative judgments about them.

但是,最糟糕的情况是会见的人是“权威人物”。特别是老板和监事在工作中的人,但包括几乎任何人在某种程度上被视为“更好”。社交焦虑的人可能会在喉咙里产生肿块,当他们遇到这个人时,他们的面部肌肉可能会冻结。焦虑水平非常高,它们很侧重于“没有失败”,“让自己离开”,他们甚至不记得所说的话。但后来,他们确信他们一定是错误的事情......因为他们总是这样做。

How is it ever possible to feel "comfortable" or "natural" under these circumstances?

To the person with social anxiety, going to a job interview is pure torture: you know your excessive anxiety will give you away. You’ll look funny, you’ll be hesitant, maybe you’ll even blush, and you won’t be able to find the right words to answer all the questions. Maybe this is the worst part of all: You know that you are going to say the wrong thing. You just know it. It is especially frustrating because you know you could do the job well if you could just get past this terrifying and intimidating interview.

Welcome to the world of the socially anxious.

社交焦虑是当今美国第三大心理问题。这种类型的焦虑在任何一年内都会影响1500万美国人。社交焦虑症并不是美国,它是一个全球,文化包容性障碍。与其他一些心理问题不同,公众或医学和精神医疗保健专业人员,如医生,精神科医生,心理学家,治疗师,社会工作者和辅导员等社会焦虑并不能力。

事实上,患有社交焦虑的人差不多90%的时间。通过诊断的DSM-IV社交焦虑症来到社交焦manbetx客户端苹果manbetx客户端苹果虑学院的人已经误标记为“精神分裂症”,“躁狂抑郁”,“临床抑郁”,“恐慌紊乱”,“人格紊乱”,以及其他误诊。

Because few socially-anxious people have heard of their own problem, and have never seen it discussed on any of the television talk shows, they think they are the only ones in the whole world who have these terriblesymptoms. Therefore, they must keep quiet about them.

It would be awful if everyone realized how much anxiety they experienced in daily life.

Unfortunately, without some kind of education, knowledge andtreatment, social anxiety continues to wreak havoc throughout their lives. Adding to the dilemma, when a person with social anxiety finally gets up the nerve to seek help, the chances that they can find it are very, very slim.

Making the situation more difficult is that social anxiety does not come and go like some other physical and psychological problems. If you have social anxiety one day... you have it every day for the rest of your life, unless you receive the appropriate therapy from an experienced therapist.

The feelings I described to you at the beginning of the article are those of people with "generalized" social anxiety. That is, these symptoms apply to most social events and functions in almost every area of life. I suffered from social anxiety myself for twenty years before I ever saw the term or read about its symptoms in a book.

与所有问题一样,具有社交焦虑的每个人都有略有不同的症状。例如,有些人不能在公共场合写作,因为他们担心人们正在观看,他们的手会摇晃。其他人是非常自我意识的,他们发现它太难搁置了工作。其他人在别人的存在下,还有严重的焦虑。脸红,出汗和“冷冻”是其他生理症状。有些人患有社交焦虑的人认为,他们的身体(如脸部或颈部)的某部分特别是“奇怪的看”,易受盯着看。

他们了解他们的思想和感觉是不合理的,但不知道如何理性地思考和相信。

One thing that all socially anxious people share is the knowledge that their thoughts and fears are basically irrational. That is, people with social anxiety know that others are really not critically judging or evaluating them all the time. They understand that people are not trying to embarrass or humiliate them. They realize that their thoughts and feelings are somewhat irrational. Yet, despite this rational knowledge, they still continue to feel that way.

好消息是社会焦虑不仅是可治疗的,而且治疗也是成功的。社交焦虑不再需要是终生毁灭性的条件。

It is these automatic "feelings" and thoughts that occur in social situations that must be met and conquered in therapy. Usually these feelings are tied to thoughts that are intertwined in a vicious cycle in the persons’ mind.

How can social anxiety be treated?

Many therapeutic methods have been studied, but cognitive-behavioral techniques have been shown to work the best. In fact, treatment of social anxiety through these cognitive-behavioral methods produces long-lasting, permanent relief from the anxiety-laden world of social anxiety.

Don't let semantics and terminology about therapy throw you off. While it is correct and best to say we use "cognitive-behavioral" therapy, this includes a mindfulness approach to overcoming it, and it most definitely includes an acceptance of things as we continue to get better.

A better life exists for all people who suffer from social anxiety...

社会焦虑响应一个全面的计划of cognitive-behavioral therapy. To overcome social anxiety, completion of a CBT therapy group is essential. What socially-anxious people do not need is years and years of sitting around in a circle complaining about their problems. In fact, socially anxious people who are taught to "analyze" and "ruminate" over their problems make their social anxiety worse.

There is a better life for all people with social anxiety. Without treatment, social anxiety is a torturous and traumatic emotional problem. With effective treatment, its bark is worse than its bite. Add to this that the current research is clear that cognitive-behavioral therapy is highly successful in the treatment of social anxiety. In fact, people who are unsuccessful are the ones who are not persistent in their therapy and who won’t practice simple anti-anxiety strategies at home — they are the ones who give up. (This very rarely happens, thankfully).

If a person is motivated to end the years of crippling anxiety, then comprehensive cognitive-behavioral treatment provides methods, techniques, and strategies that all combine to lessen anxiety and make the world a much more enjoyable place.

Many of us have been through the crippling fears and constant anxiety that social anxiety produces -- and have come out healthier and happier on the other side.

You canovercomesocial anxiety, too!