题目1：On Opening Psychological Courses
参考范文，新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案【新濠7158官网】。"The writing topic for this year's CET-6 was revealed again before the day of testing." "A student has been expelled due to misbehavior in a final examination." This kind of titles has been very popular these days, and all these have revealed a public secret: cheating on exams. This behavior, which was denounced by almost all, is spreading at a high rate, and this has puzzles not only teachers but also the whole society. Then why do students cheat on exams? In my understanding, there are mainly three reasons,(namely unscientific testing, competition for scholarship, and pressure from future job hunting).
Some students cheat on exams to protest against the improper testing format. The purpose of university education should be teaching students to use knowledge to solve problems, therefore, exams and tests should test students' ability to use certain knowledge to solve some problems. But most tests in China just test understanding instead of application, and some exams are even worse because they only test students' memory. Some students think it unnecessary to spend time and effort to prepare for such exams, so the just cheat in order to get a decent score, which in their mind, means nothing. Dr. Wang who specializes in education assessment supported this view in one paper, and he said that teachers should blame themselves because they forced students to cheat.
On Opening Psychological Courses
More students cheat on exams in order to struggle for scholarship. As universities are collecting tuition from students, they also increase the amount of scholarship. This money of course is very attractive to students, who have virtually no income. As scholarship is mostly decided by examination scores, students willing to get the money will try every means possible. In a recent survey, some good students admitted that they cheat on exams because "if most students are cheating, it is unfair when you choose not to". This probably represents a breach of traditional ethics, and is a more important reason than conscientious protest against improper tests.
About a decade ago, college students could findsatisfactory and enviable jobs after they acquire Master’sdegree. But now, things are quite different. Today＇suniversity students usually have much pressure in finding fairly good jobs.They always say disappointedly that goods jobs means high diplomas。
新濠7158官网， Many universities and colleges have now decided to open more psychological courses to their students. This is totally advisable and has been warmly welcomed。
The most important reason, in my mind, should be the pressure from job hunting. In the past few years the situation in the job market is deteriorating, and this forces students to prepare as early as possible. Due to its importance, students naturally want to make their reports more attractive, and one way to realize it is cheating. As a student said in a news report, students are aware of the cost of being caught, but the profit of not being caught is too much, so many of them just "go ahead". Maybe it is not unreasonable to say that it is the society that makes students cheaters.
Why nowadays university students with lowerdegrees have so much pressure in finding jobs? For my part, this kind ofpressure is mainly caused by three reasons. Firstly, the government isenrolling more and more university students year by year. And the growth of thestudents＇ number has surpassed that of the need of the society.So, when so many students graduate at a time, the chance of finding good jobsbecomes tiny. Secondly, today＇s universitystudents, most of them are the "only-child", who are more mentallyfrail. If their first try fails, they will be frustrated and think that it isreally hard to find jobs。
In the first place psychological courses are in urgent need in colleges and universities. Today students are under tremendous pressures. They have economical and academic pressures and pressures coming from interpersonal relations as well. These pressures may bring them anxiety, depression, and despair. Some students even committed suicide for these pressures. The psychological courses may teach them how to deal with pressures. And thus can be very good for the students’ mental health. In the second place such courses may help students deal with problems in the future. And therefore beneficial to the whole society. The courses teach students how to regulated feelings and emotions in different situations which can be of great use when they graduate and go to work。
To sum up, the desires to get a good job and a high scholarship, or simply to signal a protest in current education, have forced us students to copy in exams. It is undeniable that some suffer from weak moral principles, but it is wrong to blame them only. Only when the society and the university find the real source of the problem and deal with it can we restore the traditional criticism against cheating.
This situation can be changed. Theuniversity students can join in some extracurricular activities on campus totrain their abilities of doing things independently and try to do somepart-time jobs during weekends and vacations to gain more social experience。
As for me, I think it’s a wise idea to open more psychological courses to the students。
题目2：Work In the Countryside
Work In the Countryside
Many university graduates now volunteer to work in the countryside. It is reported that once hundreds of university graduates competed with one another to work as a village leader in Beijing. Many factors have contributed to this phenomenon. First, with more and more university students graduating each year, the job market competition becomes increasingly fierce and many graduates can not find jobs in the cities. Working in the countryside is better than being jobless. Second, the villages that are trying to employ university graduates are generally in the rich area of the country which makes working there an attractive choice. Third, some university graduates being from the countryside are eager to go back home to contribute to construction their hometown with their knowledge and enthusiasm. They will play important role in building the new countryside。
Personally, I think university graduates should go to work where they are needed most and where they can make full use of their talents. Working in the countryside can be truly an advisable choice。
题目3：How Long Should the National Holiday Be?
How Long Should the National Holiday Be?
It goes without saying that some people prefer long vacations because they can have enough time to do things that cannot be finished within a short time. During a long vacation, they may make a complicated experiment, carry out an involved investigation or go to a faraway place for some necessary field work. Taking a full time job to earn money for one or two months is another benefit the long vacation provides and sometimes a good academic thesis with a considerable length needs a long vacation.
What is more, those who favor short vacations also have understandable reasons. For two or three weeks’ rest is adequate for students to refresh themselves without forgetting the lessons that are to be continued next semester. Short vacations also mean to rest three times a school year and short semesters. To study in this way is easier than to study for a long exhausting time with many courses and lessons crammed together。
As has been noted, either long or short vacation has its advantages and disadvantages. What matters is how to make use of it。
题目4：The Safety of Food
The Safety of Food
Reports of food poisonings or tainted food have been frequent in China. In late 2006, illegal amount of chemicals was discovered in turbot. In March 2007, KFC was accused of adding oil filtering power. In September 2008, a fresh outbreak of kidney disease occurred, due to baby formula contaminated by melamine, a poisonous chemical。
These incidents happened so frequently mainly because the government failed to inspect efficiently. Though there are around ten national government departments and numerous provincial and local agencies that share the responsibility to ensure food safety and monitor local food production and sales, their duties are often overlapping and ambiguous, which makes the monitoring system unresponsive。
In my opinion, to guarantee the food safety, the government should attach great importance to food inspection and improve the supervision mechanism. They should check the food products in the market, and immediately pull those disqualified products off shelves. In this way, Chinese food will conform to the standard and thus become safer and safer。
题目5：Global Shortage of Fresh Water
Global Shortage of Fresh Water
Many people believe that fresh water will never be used up. They think that fresh water comes from such varieties of sources that it is always sufficient for us. Such opinion leads to surprising waste of water。
As a matter of fact, the earth is short of fresh water. Furthermore, with the rapid growth of the world’s population, the rising demand of water by industry, and the serious pollution of our surroundings, the world is facing the danger of running out of fresh water. Actually, in some big cities, fresh water cannot meet the daily needs。
Therefore, it is up to us to find new ways to save water. First, we should make the best use of water, and not waste it. Second, scientists must work even harder to purify seawater, polluted water and try to find solutions in industry to reduce the use of fresh water。